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Date sent: 2016/06/04 04:30:38
锘? It seems that many golfers are confused as to whether objects on the course are loose impediments or movable obstructions. This is an important distinction to make nike roshe run italia , as there are a number of relevant Rules where players could incur penalties if they get it wrong.

In fact, in most cases, the distinction should be easy enough. Loose Impediments are natural objects and movable obstructions are anything artificial that can be moved without unreasonable effort. Here is a sample list of some of the items that may be encountered on the golf course during a round;


Loose Impediments (natural) Movable Obstruction (artificial)
Stones Bunker rakes
Leaves Other players golf clubs
Branches and twigs Stakes (except out of bounds)
Pine cones Signage and ropes
Dung and droppings Bottles and cans
Insects Score cards
Worms and their casts Pens and pencils
Spiders and their webs Paper, tissues
Half-eaten fruit Plastic bags
Fruit skins Packets and boxes
Ant hills Toys
Dead birds and animals Match sticks or cigarettes
Aeration plugs Abandoned balls
Clods of earth Loose stones from a wall
Gravel Wood manufactured into planks
Crushed shells Cables
Wood chips Doors or windows


Be aware, that under the Rules sand and loose soil are loose impediments on the putting green, but not elsewhere; snow and natural ice, other than frost, are either casual water or loose impediments nike roshe run saldi , at the option of the player; and dew and frost are not loose impediments.

Some loose impediments may be transformed into obstructions through processes of construction or manufacturing. For example, a log (loose impediment) that has been split and has legs attached has been changed by construction into a bench (obstruction), or a piece of wood (loose impediment) becomes an obstruction when manufactured into a charcoal briquette. Also, there may be loose impediments that when placed together make up an obstruction. An example of this would be a manufactured path (immovable obstruction) made of wood chips. If a players ball lies on such a path and he chooses not to take relief then he may move any of the wood chips before making his stroke, providing that he does not move his ball in doing so,

Except when both the loose impediment and the ball lie in, or touch, the same bunker or water hazard nike shox r4 bianche , any loose impediment may be moved. But if the player causes their ball to move while removing the loose impediment, they are penalised one stroke and the ball must be replaced, unless the ball is on the putting green when there is no penalty.

Movable obstructions can be removed anywhere on the course, including when the ball lies in a hazard, and there is no penalty if the ball moves during the removal, but again it must be replaced where it was before it was moved. If the ball lies in or on the obstruction, the ball may be lifted and the obstruction removed. The ball must then be dropped, or on the putting green placed nike shox nz uomo , as near as possible to the spot directly under the place where the ball lay in or on the obstruction, not nearer the hole.

As already mentioned, if a players ball lies in a bunker they are not permitted to remove any loose impediment from that bunker. However, very often there will be a Local Rule that says, Stones in bunkers are movable obstructions, because it is considered that the stones could represent a danger to players if they are hit during a stroke. This is a good illustration of why it is so important to read the Local Rules before commencing a round on an unfamiliar course. Whilst on the subject of bunkers, if a player cannot find their ball in a bunker because it is covered by sand, leaves or other loose impediments nike shox scontate , they are permitted to probe or rake with a club or otherwise, as many loose impediments, or as much sand, as will enable them to see a part of their ball. When making a stroke out of a bunker, or water hazard, the player may not touch any loose impediment in that hazard before making their stroke, which commences with the downswing. So, for example nike blazer alte grigie , if a player brushes leaves in a bunker during their practice stroke or backswing they incur a penalty of two strokes in stroke play, or loss of hole in match play.

I have only attempted to cover the more important matters in the Rules relating to loose impediments and movable obstructions in this short piece. I hope that I have been able to clarify the status of different objects for you, to assist you in making the correct decision on how to proceed with your round, if and when they come into play.

Good golfing,

Barry Rhodes

Providing miscellaneous content for golfers of all abilities who wish to improve their understanding of the Rules of Golf.

Author's Resource Box

Barry is an enthusiastic golfer who developed an interest, then a fascination, and now an obsession with the Rules of Golf. He is resident in Dublin, Ireland.

He answers questions on the Rules of Golf and writes an occasional blog nike air max 2015 flyknit , for the St Andrews, Scotland, company, GolfSwingSecretsRevealed.

Barry has his own blog containing miscellaneous content for golfers of all abilities who wish to improve their knowledge and understanding of the Rules of Golf at http:www.barryrhodes.

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Date sent: 2017/11/21 07:15:02
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